Wednesday, 04 Oct, 2023




Exploring and Confirming Factors Affecting Work Pressure among Indian Working Women, Applying Structural Equation Model and Path Analysis

Journal of Strategic Human Resource Management

Volume 11 Issue 3

Published: 2022
Author(s) Name: Arnaz Wadia, Kavisha Shah | Author(s) Affiliation: Indus Institute of Management Studies, Indus University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
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The main purpose of the paper is to explore and confirm factors affecting work pressure among working women in India. The research tries to frame structural equation model for explored and confirmed factors affecting work pressure among working women in India. The research methodology deployed studies the various factors affecting work pressure among working women in India. Accordingly, a structural equation model is drawn highlighting the factors. A sample size of 1,050 respondents of varying age groups has been considered for the study. Responses are collected across different organisations of varied sectors. The collected data is further analysed using statistical analysis software like SPSS 22 and AMOS 24. The most important factors extracted as per exploratory factor analysis are: work stress, work-life balance, time and distance pressure, performance appraisal, organisation work culture, and work pressure. The result of confirmatory factor analysis (using maximum likelihood estimation) shows that all fit indices are within excellent limits. Thus, the relative adequacy of the model fit is established appropriately. The SEM model confirms and represents four construct/factors: work-life balance, organisation work culture, time and distance of work place, and performance appraisal, which represent work stress. Moreover, it is observed that work stress directly affects work pressure, whereas performance appraisal partially affects work pressure.

Keywords: Structural Equation Modelling, Work Pressure, Work Stress, Work-Life Balance, Working Women

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