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Sustainable Agriculture - The Indian Way

Journal of Rural and Industrial Development

Volume 3 Issue 1

Published: 2015
Author(s) Name: Naachimuthu K. P. | Author(s) Affiliation: Asst Prof,Dept of Psychology,PSG College of Arts&Science Civil Aerodrome Post,Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu
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Abstract

The five natural elements (earth, water, fire, air, and sky), the sun and the moon, plants, trees, birds, and animals, came into existence much ahead of the human beings. In fact, man, as a part of nature, was the last creation in the universe. Though, we (human beings) have been created with the superlative degree of intellect, there is so much that can be learnt from nature, traditions of wisdom from the world teach us that a divine essence flows through all creations. Together with nature, man can co-create groundbreaking ideas that would help create wealth and well-being, for nature offers solutions for inclusive growth and sustainable development. Food scarcity is the major issue concerning the developing countries these days, one out of every 8 person in the world goes to bed without food (FAO, 2012). Of the several hundred million hungry people in the world, 98 percent are in developing countries. There were several things done to alleviate this problem, but the consequences of those actions are even more costly. Usage of heavy machines, pesticides and chemical fertilizers in the soil created a lasting impact causing imbalance in ecosystem, degradation of soil, soil erosion and land degradation. Natural farming is an ancient form of agriculture which follows the principles of nature to develop systems for raising crops, and livestock that are self-sustaining. The present paper attempts to explicate the sustainable nature of natural farming, as against the quick fix solution agriculture of using fertilizers, and chemicals. This holistic learning outlook also tries to bring out the role of farm animals (and remain of farm animals, and farm produces), microorganisms in the soil, in creating food abundance, concerns about food loss and food wastage and its global impact.

Keywords: Natural Farming, Inclusive Growth, Sustainable Development, Ecosystem, Food Wastage

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