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A Study of the Impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on Migration in Cachar District of Assam

Journal of Rural and Industrial Development

Volume 2 Issue 1

Published: 2014
Author(s) Name: Minhaj Uddin Barbhuiya | Author(s) Affiliation: Teacher, Banskandi N.M. Higher Sec. School, Dept. of Sec. Edu, Govt. of Assam, Assam, India.
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Abstract

The study investigates the impact of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) on migration in Cachar district of Assam. The findings of the study relating to the impact of NREGS on migration draw upon information from field survey of 240 households which completed the 100 days of employment in the scheme in the district during 2007-08 to 2009-10. We applied the Log it regression taking migration as the response variable and, per capita income and percentage of employed members in NREGS out of total employed family members as explanatory variables to test the relationship. The results show that higher values of income decrease the odds that a household would migrate after joining NREGS and vice versa. The results also showed that percentage of employed members in NREGS out of total employed has statistically significant and negative impact on the probability that a household would migrate. This implies that higher the percentage of employed members in NREGS the lower is the migration to towns during the non-agricultural season. Thus, the study has found statistically significant impact of NREGS on seasonal out migration of poor low skilled labours in the context of Cachar district.

Keywords: NREGS, Migration, Logit Regression

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