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A Study Investigating Active Procrastination and Impulsivity as Predictors of Resilience in Students

Journal of Organisation and Human Behaviour

Volume 10 Issue 3

Published: 2021
Author(s) Name: Nimisha Ajaikumar | Author(s) Affiliation: Amity University Gurugram, Haryana, India.
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Factors that impact resilience must be identified, to cultivate it in those exposed to general stressors of the young adulthood stage of the lifespan, besides COVID-19 pandemic-related impediments. Procrastination is conventionally considered a maladaptive behaviour (Hen & Goroshit, 2018) without acknowledging active procrastination, positively associated with academic performance (Hensley, 2016). The ambiguous influence of impulsivity, linked to negative health and academic consequences (Hornor, 2017), on adult students’ resilience must be clarified. Therefore, the present study investigated active procrastination and impulsivity as predictors of resilience in global young adult students. The two hypotheses respectively stated that active procrastination positively and impulsivity negatively would predict resilience. Around 150 students from 19 countries were administered the ten-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, New Active Procrastination Scale, and Short Urgency, Premeditation (lack of), Perseverance (lack of), Sensation Seeking, Positive Urgency, Impulsive Behaviour Scale, using social media, to measure resilience, active procrastination, and impulsivity, respectively. Multiple regression analysis was conducted. Active procrastination was a significant positive predictor of resilience (F (1, 149) = 11.35, p < 0.001), which elucidated 6.5% of the variance in resilience (Adjusted R2 = 0.065). Impulsivity was a significant negative predictor of resilience (F (1, 149) = 5.32, p < 0.05) that explicated 2.8% of the variance in resilience (Adjusted R2 = 0.028). However, both predictor variables indicated a limited overall variance in resilience. Results support existing literature and open domains for new research in academia and public health. Educational reforms must commend active procrastinators for their resilience. Arresting impulsivity with relevant interventions may reduce its impact on resilience. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Keywords: Resilience, Active Procrastination, Impulsivity, Multiple Regression, Pandemic

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