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Examining Factors Affecting Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students: Applying the Theory of Planned Behaviour

Journal of Entrepreneurship & Management

Volume 11 Issue 3

Published: 2022
Author(s) Name: Temesgen Belayneh Zerihun, Mohammedneja Shikur Edris | Author(s) Affiliation: Addis Ababa University, College of Business and Economics, Ethiopia.
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Abstract

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Entrepreneurial behaviours are determined, to a large extent, by entrepreneurial intentions. The aim of this research is, therefore, to study those antecedents that influence entrepreneurial intentions of university students (Ethiopian Institute of Architecture Building Construction and City Development – EiABC) in the context of a developing African country, Ethiopia. The research is based on the framework of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and effectual measure of entrepreneurial intentions. By employing the theory of planned behaviour, the paper addressed how personal attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control affect students’ intentions of becoming an entrepreneur. Additionally, the entrepreneurial intention of students was measured via an effectual entrepreneurial scale. As a result, the independent variables were personal attitude, behavioural control, and subjective norms, whereas the dependent variable was entrepreneurial intention. The study is conducted among 162 graduating students from the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture Building Construction and City Development, Addis Ababa. Quantitative survey method was employed using descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analysis. The result indicates that all independent variables, personal attitude, subjective norms, and behaviour control, significantly affect the formation of entrepreneurial intention when taken individually. However, only personal attitude and subjective norms significantly contribute to the formation of entrepreneurial intention when combined. Finally, recommendations for EiABC, policy makers, and researchers have been highlighted.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Intention, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Ethiopia, University

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