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Effect of Fund Attributes on Efficiency: Cross-sectional Evidence from Indian Equity Mutual Funds

Journal of Commerce and Accounting Research

Volume 3 Issue 4

Published: 2014
Author(s) Name: Inderjit Kaur | Author(s) Affiliation: Research Scholar, National Institute of Financial Management, Faridabad, Haryana, India.
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The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effect of size, age, ownership, and load on the efficiency of equity mutual funds in India. Using secondary data on sample of 105 equity mutual fund schemes in India for the period 2011-12, two-stage methodology is applied wherein Data Envelopment Approach (DEA) efficiency scores are assessed in first stage and in the second stage, categorical variable on efficiency is regressed on age, size, ownership, and load of the scheme by applying cross-sectional logistic regression. The results of the analysis suggest that increase in size increases the probability of being efficient by 26-43 percent in various estimates. The more aged funds are more efficient. Load funds are less efficient and foreign funds are more efficient but joint-venture foreign funds are less efficient. Thus results show that in country like India, there exists increasing returns to scale and experience in the market increases the efficiency.

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis Approach, Mutual Funds, Size Effect, Ownership Effect, Age Effect

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