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A Correlational study between Sex Ratio and Literacy Rate Matrix in India: A Case Study of Jammu and Kashmir State

Global Journal of Research in Management

Volume 12 Issue 1

Published: 2022
Author(s) Name: Mehraj Ud Din Shah | Author(s) Affiliation: Associate Prof., Dept. of Commerce, Central Univ. of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
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Abstract

Changing Demographic statistics overwhelmingly have both instantaneous and distant policy ramifications for all the nations of the world, especially for India, which is going to emerge as the world‘s populist country in near future. The country, on one hand, is expected to enjoy an adverse sex ratio. The situation is almost identical in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The panorama demands a careful investigation into gender statistics. Accordingly, the study based on secondary data attempts to examine the influence of literacy and illiteracy on selective sex births in rural and urban areas. The study on the basis of parametric analyses finds that literacy significantly contributes to selective sex births both in urban and rural areas and illiteracy largely favors unselective sex births. Moreover, the study observes that selective sex births syndrome is overwhelmingly adopted by the literate population. This seems a major reason for the aggravated sex ratio in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Moreover, the study on the basis of some advanced studies in medical science emphasizes that eliminating feticide on the basis of advanced medical aid is yet not a full proof procedure to know exactly the type sex of new birth in advance. Therefore, the paper attempts to refute the belief that the sex of a foetus not be determined exactly. The reality the fact is that the sex of a foetus cannot be determined exactly before the actual birth. Thus the study concludes that the gender statistics imbroglio is a very crucial issue and its myths and realities should be exposed in the light of advanced medical science along with eliminating emerging socio-economic evils in the society.

Keywords: Gender, Sex Ratio, Illiteracy, feticide, correlation, selective

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